杨博磊.我国土榨花生油黄曲霉毒素B1 及圆弧偶氮酸毒素污染调查[J].中国油脂,2020,45(9):34~37.[YANG Bolei.Investigation of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid in bulk peanut oil in China[J].China Oils and Fats,2020,45(9):34~37.]
我国土榨花生油黄曲霉毒素B1 及圆弧偶氮酸毒素污染调查
Investigation of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid in bulk peanut oil in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  土榨花生油;黄曲霉毒素B1;圆弧偶氮酸;真菌毒素
英文关键词:bulk peanut oil; AFB1; cyclopiazonic acid; mycotoxin
基金项目:国家花生产业技术体系(CARS-13);“十三五”国家重点研发计划重点专项(2017YFC1600900)
作者单位
杨博磊 中国农业科学院 农产品加工研究所,农业部农产品加工综合性重点实验室,北京 100193 
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中文摘要:
      为了解我国土榨花生油中黄曲霉毒素B1(AFB1)和圆弧偶氮酸(CPA)的污染状况,采集全国12省20市小作坊生产的土榨花生油126份,购买市售品牌花生油27份,采用高效液相色谱法检测花生油中AFB1和CPA两种真菌毒素的含量。结果表明:27份品牌花生油未检出AFB1和CPA;126份土榨花生油中,AFB1检出率为44.44%,超标率为11.11%,CPA检出率为7.14%,其中河南、福建、广西和山东土榨花生油AFB1污染较为严重。我国土榨花生油存在真菌毒素污染安全隐患,监管部门应严格把控原料及加工环节,确保土榨花生油的质量和安全。
英文摘要:
      In order to investigate the contamination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) in peanut oil in China, 126 bulk peanut oil samples were collected from individual workshop in 20 cities of 12 provinces of China, and 27 brand peanut oil samples were purchased from market. The contents of AFB1 and CPA in peanut oil were detected by HPLC. The results showed that AFB1 and CPA were not detected in 27 brand peanut oil samples. Among 126 bulk peanut oil samples, AFB1 detection rate, AFB1 exceeding rate and CPA detection rate were 44.44%, 11.11% and 7.14% respectively. AFB1 contamination of bulk peanut oil in Henan, Fujian, Guangxi and Shandong was more serious. There were potential safety hazards of mycotoxin contamination in bulk peanut oil in China, so supervision department should strictly control the quality of peanut and the link of processing to ensure the safety and quality of bulk peanut oil.
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