张文雅,张玉茹,卢荣华,等.卫红花籽和卫红花籽饼的营养成分分析[J].中国油脂,2019,44(8):.[ZHANG Wenya, ZHANG Yuru, LU Ronghu,etc.Nutritional composition of Wei safflower seed and Wei safflower seed cake[J].China Oils and Fats,2019,44(8):.]
卫红花籽和卫红花籽饼的营养成分分析
Nutritional composition of Wei safflower seed and Wei safflower seed cake
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  卫红花籽;卫红花籽饼;营养成分;综合评价
英文关键词:Wei safflower seed; Wei safflower seed cake; nutritional composition; comprehensive evaluation
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作者单位
张文雅,张玉茹,卢荣华,等  
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中文摘要:
      对卫红花籽和卫红花籽饼的粗灰分、水分、粗蛋白、粗脂肪、氨基酸以及卫红花籽油的脂肪酸组成进行测定与分析。结果表明:卫红花籽和卫红花籽饼的粗灰分含量分别为4.28%和3.53%,水分含量分别为650%和6.68%,粗蛋白含量分别为18.82%和20.27%,粗脂肪含量分别为1984%和4.32%。卫红花籽饼的氨基酸组成中脯氨酸和谷氨酸含量较高,其次为天冬氨酸、甘氨酸、亮氨酸、精氨酸和丙氨酸,赖氨酸及含硫氨基酸含量较低;卫红花籽油中含有丰富的不饱和脂肪酸,亚油酸含量高达77.60%。卫红花籽油中既含有多种不饱和脂肪酸,饼中又含有优质蛋白质,是较理想的能量和蛋白质饲料源。
英文摘要:
      The crude ash, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, and amino acid compositions of Wei safflower seed and cake were measured and analyzed,and the fatty acid composition of Wei safflower seed oil was detected. The results showed that the crude ash contents of Wei safflower seed and cake were 4.28% and 3.53% respectively, the moisture contents were 650% and 6.68%, the crude protein contents were 18.82% and 20.27%, and the crude fat contents were 19.84% and 4.32% respectively. The amino acid composition analysis of Wei safflower cake showed that the contents of proline and glutamic acids were high, followed by aspartic acid, glycine, leucine, arginine and alanine, while the lysine and sulfur-containing amino acid contents were relatively low. The Wei safflower seed oil mainly contained unsaturated fatty acids, and linoleic acid content reached 77.60%. The Wei safflower seed oil was composed of many unsatured fatty acids, and Wei safflower seed cake had high quality protein, which were ideal source of energy and protein feeds.
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