朱艳琼.美藤果品质及其影响因素分析[J].中国油脂,2020,45(11):123~126.[ZHU Yanqiong.Quality and its influencing factors of sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) seed[J].China Oils and Fats,2020,45(11):123~126.]
美藤果品质及其影响因素分析
Quality and its influencing factors of sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) seed
  
DOI:10.12166/j.zgyz.1003-7969/2020.11.025
中文关键词:  美藤果;含油量;蛋白质含量;脂肪酸组成;产地;病虫害;施肥
英文关键词:sacha inchi(Plukenetia volubilis L.) seed; oil content; protein content; fatty acid composition; origin; diseases and pests; fertilization
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作者单位
朱艳琼 曲靖市粮油产品质量监督检验站,云南 曲靖 655000 
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中文摘要:
      美藤果作为一种高营养价值的新型油料,具有重要的开发价值。检测了中国西双版纳、普洱、红河及老挝102份美藤果的品质指标,并考察了产地、病虫害与施肥对美藤果品质的影响。结果表明:美藤果平均含油量为37.4%,平均蛋白质含量为22.1%,油中不饱和脂肪酸含量高达92.17%,其中亚麻酸占45.34%。产地对美藤果品质具有显著影响,而施肥、病虫害对美藤果品质影响较小。不同产地美藤果的蛋白质、硬脂酸、亚麻酸含量具有显著差异,其中西双版纳样品的蛋白质含量显著高于普洱的,中国西双版纳、红河与老挝样品的硬脂酸含量均显著高于中国普洱的,而中国普洱样品的亚麻酸含量显著高于老挝和中国红河的。此外,施肥有利于提高美藤果的含油量。
英文摘要:
      As a new type of oilseed with high nutritional value, sacha inchi seed has important development value. The qualities of 102 samples of sacha inchi seed in Xishuangbanna, Puer and Honghe in China and Laos were determined, and the effects of origin, diseases and pests and fertilization on quality of sacha inchi seed were analyzed. The results showed that the average contents of oil and protein in sacha inchi seed were 37.4% and 22.1%, respectively. The contents of unsaturated fatty acid and linolenic acid in sacha inchi seed oil were 92.17% and 45.34%, respectively. The origin had significant influence on the quality of sacha inchi seed, while fertilization, diseases and pests had little influence. There were significant differences in protein, stearic acid and linolenic acid contents among sacha inchi seeds from different regions. The protein content of Xishuangbanna was significantly higher than that of Puer, and the stearic acid contents of Laos, Xishuangbanna and Honghe in China were significantly higher than that of Puer in China, while the linolenic acid content of Puer in China was significantly higher than that of Laos and Honghe in China. In addition, fertilization could increase the oil content in sacha inchi seed.
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